The Book of Enoch
with Commentary by Michael D. Fortner

Enoch chapters 1-16
(Forward to the 1883 edition)
In the year 1773, after a period of almost total obscurity lasting 1500 years, the Scottish explorer, James Bruce, discovered in what is now Ethiopia, The Book of Enoch.

He writes, "Amongst the articles I consigned to the library at Paris was a very beautiful and magnificent copy of the prophesies of Enoch, in large quarto; another is amongst the books of scripture that I brought home, standing immediately before the book of Job, which is its proper place in the Abyssinian Cannon: and a third copy I presented to the Bodleian Library at Oxford, by the hands of Dr. Douglas, the Bishop of Carlisle."

It rested there, forgotten, until 1821 when Richard Laurence issued his first translation of which there were many editions, culminating in the revised edition of 1883, complied from notes in his estate. As former professor of Hebrew at Oxford, Laurence's familiarity with Kabbalah and the Zohar gave him unique qualifications that were especially useful in translating a work of this type.

Chapter One

1:1 The word of the blessing of Enoch, how he blessed the elect and the righteous, who were [are] to exist in the time of trouble; rejecting all the wicked and ungodly. Enoch, a righteous man, who was with God, answered and spoke, while his eyes were open, and while he saw a holy vision in the heavens. This the angels showed me.

2 From them I heard all things, and understood what I saw; that which will not take place in this generation, but in a generation which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of the elect.

3 Upon their account I spoke and conversed with him, who will go forth from his habitation, the Holy and Mighty One, the God of the world

4 who will hereafter tread upon Mount Sinai; appear with his hosts; and be manifested in the strength of his power from heaven.

5 All shall be afraid, and the Watchers be terrified.

6 Great fear and trembling shall seize them, even to the ends of the earth. The lofty mountains shall be troubled, and the exalted hills depressed, melting like a honeycomb in the flame. The earth shall be immerged, and all things which are in it perish; while judgment shall come upon all, even upon the righteous:

7 But to them shall he give peace: he shall preserve the elect, and towards them exercise clemency.
8 Then shall all belong to God; be happy and blessed; and the splendor of the Godhead shall illuminate them.

The very first sentence of the book mentions the time of trouble that will come upon a people that are called the elect, a time which is in the far distant future. It was not a reference to the coming flood. As we will see later, the elect discribe Christians. The time of trouble is spoken about in the books of Daniel, Matthew, and Revelation. Another translation of verse 1 says, "The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed" (by R.H. Charles).

Enoch states that the reason he saw the visions and wrote the book was for the future elect; "Upon their account I spoke and conversed with him" (v.3). The main focus of the book of Enoch is to prophesy to the elect of God (Christians), about the judgment by fire that is coming upon this planet at the end of this present age, which will be the time of the Great Tribulation. But it also includes many other related prophecies.

The reference to God treading upon Mount Sinai probably refers to his coming down upon the mountain several times to meet with Moses.

The first chapter also contains the first mention of the first global destruction at Noah's Flood, "The earth shall be immerged." There are many other passages in Enoch that mention the flood.

2:1 Behold, he comes with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the carnal for everything which the sinful and ungodly have done, and committed against him.
This is the passage that Jude quoted. It refers to the second coming of Christ which will be a time of judgment upon the whole world, during which all the sinners will be destroyed in the destruction. (Chapter 2 contains only one verse.)

3:1 All who are in the heavens know what is transacted there.

2 They know that the heavenly luminaries change not their paths; that each rises and sets regularly, every one at its proper period, without transgressing the commands which they have received. They behold the earth, and understand what is there transacted, from the beginning to the end of it.

3 They see that every work of God is invariable in the period of its appearance. They behold summer and winter: perceiving that the whole earth is full of water; and that the cloud, the dew, and the rain refresh it.
This chapter tells us that the planetary bodies follow specific orbits and do as they are supposed to do according to the laws of nature that God has established. There are many passages like this in Enoch, where he describes the planets and the moon traveling through gates in heaven at appointed times. This should not be taken literally, but shows us that they obey the laws of nature; they do not move randomly without purpose or without direction.

Notice that the last line of chapter 3 mentions "rain" as one of the ways the Earth is watered. Many people wrongly believe that it had never rained before the Flood of Noah, but the Bible never says that. In Genesis chapter 2 it says it had not yet rained, but it never says it about the Flood, only that it rained for fourty days and nights. There was over 1,000 years between Genesis 2 and the Flood, so it no doubt had rained already.

4:1 They consider and behold every tree, how it appears to wither, and every leaf to fall off, except of fourteen trees, which are not deciduous; which wait from the old, to the appearance of the new leaf, for two or three winters.

5:1 Again they consider the days of summer, that the sun is upon it at its very beginning; while you seek for a covered and shady spot on account of the burning sun; while the earth is scorched up with fervid heat, and you become incapable of walking either upon the ground or upon the rocks in consequence of that heat.

6:1 They consider how the trees, when they put forth their green leaves, become covered, and produce fruit; understanding everything, and knowing that He who lives for ever does all these things for you:

2 That the works at the beginning of every existing year, that all his works, are subservient to him, and invariable; yet as God has appointed, so are all things brought to pass.

3 They see, too, how the seas and the rivers together complete their respective operations:

4 But you endure not patiently, nor fulfill the commandments of the Lord; but you transgress and calumniate his greatness; and malignant are the words in your polluted mouths against his Majesty.

5 You withered in heart, no peace shall be to you!

6 Therefore your days shall you curse, and the years of your lives shall perish; perpetual execration [curse] shall be multiplied, and you shall not obtain mercy.
7 In those days shall you resign your peace with the eternal maledictions [curses] of all the righteous, and sinners shall perpetually execrate [curse] you;
8 Shall execrate [curse] you with the ungodly.
9 The elect shall possess light, joy, and peace; and they shall inherit the earth.
Jesus said, "Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth" (Matthew 5:5).

10 But you, you unholy, shall be accursed.

11 Then shall wisdom be given to the elect, all of who shall live, and not again transgress by impiety or pride; but shall humble themselves, possessing prudence, and shall not repeat transgression.

12 They shall not be condemned the whole period of their lives, nor die in torment and indignation; but the sum of their days shall be completed, and they shall grow old in peace; while the years of their happiness shall be multiplied with joy, and with peace, for ever, the whole duration of their existence.

"Execrate" means to loath, hate, or curse", "The act of cursing, A curse, Something that is cursed or loathed"; "Maledictions" means evilspeaking or to call down a curse, a curse; so the two words mean about the same. You can see why Enoch needs a modern translation. The R.H. Charles translation of 1912 is just as bad.

7:1 It happened after the sons of men had multiplied in those days, that daughters were born to them, elegant and beautiful.

2 And when the angels, the sons of heaven, beheld them, they became enamored of them, saying to each other, Come, let us select for ourselves wives from the progeny of men, and let us beget children.
An Aramaic text reads "Watchers" here (J.T. Milik, Aramaic Fragments of Qumran Cave 4 [Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976], p. 167).
3 Then their leader Samyaza said to them; "I fear that you may perhaps be indisposed to the performance of this enterprise;
4 and that I alone shall suffer for so grievous a crime."
5 But they answered him and said, "We all swear
6 and bind ourselves by mutual execrations, that we will not change our intention, but execute our projected undertaking."
This is probably the source from which the similar passage in Genesis 6 was taken. It seems reasonable to assert that spirits cannot have sexual relations with humans, but these are fallen angels, and if they came to earth for the purpose of polluting the human race, then it is very likely that they could have taken upon themselves a physical form, much like the un-fallen angels do today when they come to the aide of people in distress but in the guise of a tow-truck driver, police officer, or kindly stranger. Though it would not seem possible, angels appear to have the ability to cause any sort of material object to appear or disappear and so in theory, they could also produce within their materialized physical bodies, functional sex organs.

This fall of angels appears to be different from the original fall which had to have taken place before Lucifer tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden and probably took place before the world was created.
7 Then they swore all together, and all bound themselves by mutual execrations. Their whole number was two hundred, who descended upon Ardis, which is the top of mount Armon.

8 That mountain therefore was called Armon, because they had sworn upon it, and bound themselves by mutual execrations.
Mt. Armon, or Mt. Hermon, derives its name from the Hebrew word herem, a curse (Charles).
9 These are the names of their chiefs: Samyaza, who was their leader, Urakabarameel, Akibeel, Tamiel, Ramuel, Danel, Azkeel, Saraknyal, Asael, Armers, Batraal, Anane, Zavebe, Samsaveel, Ertael, Turel, Yomyael, Arazyal. These were the prefects of the two hundred angels, and the remainder were all with them.

10 Then they took wives, each choosing for himself; whom they began to approach, and with whom they cohabited; teaching them sorcery, incantations, and the dividing of roots and trees.
11 And the women conceiving brought forth giants,
The Greek texts vary considerably from the Ethiopic text here. One Greek manuscript adds to this section, "And they [the women] bore to them [the Watchers] three races: first, the great giants. The giants brought forth [some say "slew"] the Naphelim, and the Naphelim brought forth [or "slew"] the Elioud. And they existed, increasing in power according to their greatness." See the account in the Book of Jubilees.
12 whose stature was each three hundred cubits. These devoured all which the labor of men produced; until it became impossible to feed them.

13 When they turned themselves against men, in order to devour them,
14 and began to injure birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their flesh one after another, and to drink their blood.
Their flesh one after another-- Or, "one another's flesh." R.H. Charles notes that this phrase may refer to the destruction of one class of giants by another (Charles, p. 65).
15 Then the earth reproved the unrighteous.
It is very likely that they were not literally 300 cubits tall; that would be about 420 feet. It is probable that such a large number is the result of what I mentioned earlier, too many translations or too many years between translations, resulting in the mistranslation of some words.

8:1 Moreover Azazyel taught men to make swords, knives, shields, breastplates, the fabrication of mirrors, and the workmanship of bracelets and ornaments, the use of paint, the beautifying of the eyebrows, the use of stones of every valuable and select kind, and of all sorts of dyes, so that the world became altered.

2 Impiety increased; fornication multiplied; and they transgressed and corrupted all their ways.
3 Amazarak taught all the sorcerers, and dividers of roots;
4 Amers taught the solution of sorcery;
5 Barkayal taught the observers of the stars;
Observers-- Astrologers (Charles).
6 Akibeel taught signs;
7 Tamiel taught astronomy;
8 and Asaradel taught the motion of the moon.
9 And men, being destroyed, cried out; and their voice reached to heaven.

This shows us how the world became so evil so quickly, because the fallen angels taught people about sorcery, astrology, warfare, and many other evils.

9:1 Then Michael and Gabriel, Raphael, Suryal, and Uriel, looked down from heaven, and saw the quantity of blood which was shed on earth, and all the iniquity which was done upon it, and said one to another, It is the voice of their cries;

2 The earth deprived of her children has cried even to the gate of heaven.

3 And now to you, O you holy one of heaven, the souls of men complain, saying, Obtain Justice for us with the Most High. Then they said to their Lord, the King, You are Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings. The throne of your glory is for ever and ever, and for ever and ever is your name sanctified and glorified. You are blessed and glorified.
Obtain justice for us with-- Or, "Bring judgment to us from" (Laurence).
4 You have made all things; you possess power over all things; and all things are open and manifest before you. You behold all things, and nothing can be concealed from you.

5 You have seen what Azazyel has done, how he has taught every species of iniquity upon earth, and has disclosed to the world all the secret things which are done in the heavens.

6 Samyaza also has taught sorcery, to whom you have given authority over those who are associated with him. They have gone together to the daughters of men; have lain with them; have become polluted;

7 and have discovered crimes to them.
8 The women likewise have brought forth giants.
9 Thus has the whole earth been filled with blood and with iniquity.
10 And now behold the souls of those who are dead, cry out.
11 And complain even to the gate of heaven.
The account of the fallen angels bringing forth a race of extra large humans is here repeated with different words, and adds credence to the truthfulness of the events. It also refers to the souls of the dead, which is evidence that humans live on in the spirit world after the death of our bodies.
12 Their groaning ascends; nor can they escape from the unrighteousness which is committed on earth. You know all things, before they exist.

13 You know these things, and what has been done by them; yet you do not speak to us.
14 What on account of these things ought we to do to them?

10:1 Then the Most High, the Great and Holy One spoke,
2 and sent Arsayalalyur to the son of Lamech,
Arsayalalyur-- Here one Greek text reads "Uriel."
3 saying, "Say to him in my name, 'Conceal yourself.'

4 Then explain to him the consummation which is about to take place; for all the earth shall perish; the waters of a deluge shall come over the whole earth, and all things which are in it shall be destroyed.

5 And now teach him how he may escape, and how his seed may remain in all the earth."
This is the second reference to the flood. Apparently God sent an angel to the son of Lamech, which was Noah.
6 Again the Lord said to Raphael, "Bind Azazyel hand and foot; cast him into darkness; and opening the desert which is in Dudael, cast him in there.
7 Throw upon him hurled and pointed stones, covering him with darkness;
8 There shall he remain for ever; cover his face, that he may not see the light.
9 And in the great day of judgment let him be cast into the fire.

10 Restore the earth, which the angels have corrupted; and announce life to it, that I may revive it.

11 All the sons of men shall not perish in consequence of every secret, by which the Watchers have destroyed, and which they have taught, their offspring.

12 All the earth has been corrupted by the effects of the teaching of Azazyel. To him therefore ascribe the whole crime."
Here is the first mention of a great day of judgment that will result in living beings being cast into fire. It is still in the future. Azazyel is not another name for Satan. Azazyel is not the one who caused the fall of Adam and Eve, but he apparently lead a band of angels down to earth. Either he and his band were among the fallen angels that followed Lucifer, or they fell separately; after Lucifer.
13 To Gabriel also the Lord said, "Go to the biters, to the reprobates, to the children of fornication; and destroy the children of fornication, the offspring of the Watchers, from among men; bring them forth, and excite [send] them one against another. Let them perish by mutual slaughter; for length of days shall not be theirs.
Biters-- More accurately, "bastards" (Charles; Knibb, 88).
14 They shall all entreat you, but their fathers shall not obtain their wishes respecting them; for they shall hope for eternal life, and that they may live, each of them, five hundred years."

15 To Michael likewise the Lord said, "Go and announce his crime to Samyaza, and to the others who are with him, who have been associated with women, that they might be polluted with all their impurity. And when all their sons shall be slain, when they shall see the perdition of their beloved, bind them for seventy generations underneath the earth, even to the day of judgment, and of the consummation, until the judgment, the effect of which will last for ever, be completed.

16 Then shall they be taken away into the lowest depths of the fire in torments; and in confinement shall they be shut up for ever.
17 Immediately after this shall he, together with them, burn and perish; they shall be bound until the consummation of many generations."

This passage probably refers to the fallen angels themselves, rather than their offspring. In another passage, the offspring are said to be condemned to live upon earth as evil spirits, which tells us where demons come from.
He-- Samyaza.
18 "Destroy all the souls addicted to dalliance, and the offspring of the Watchers, for they have tyrannized over mankind.
Dalliance-- Or, "lust" (Knibb, p. 90). The definition of "dalliance" in an English dictionary says it can also mean a waste of time-- "dally," or procrastination. But "lust" is probably more accurate if Knibb relied on the original text rather than the English meaning.
19 Let every oppressor perish from the face of the earth;
20 let every evil work be destroyed;
21 the plant of righteousness and of rectitude appear, and its produce become a blessing.
22 Righteousness and rectitude shall be for ever planted with delight.

23 And then shall all the saints give thanks, and live until they have begotten a thousand children, while the whole period of their youth, and their sabbaths shall be completed in peace. In those days all the earth shall be cultivated in righteousness; it shall be wholly planted with trees, and filled with benediction; every tree of delight shall be planted in it.

24 In it shall vines be planted; and the vine which shall be planted in it shall yield fruit to satiety; every seed, which shall be sown in it, shall produce for one measure a thousand; and one measure of olives shall produce ten presses of oil.

25 Purify the earth from all oppression, from all injustice, from all crime, from all impiety, and from all the pollution which is committed upon it. Exterminate them from the earth.

26 Then shall all the children of men be righteous, and all nations shall pay me divine honours, and bless me; and all shall adore me.

27 The earth shall be cleansed from all corruption, from every crime, from all punishment, and from all suffering; neither will I again send a deluge upon it from generation to generation for ever.

28 In those days I will open the treasures of blessing which are in heaven, that I may cause them to descend upon earth, and upon all the works and labour of man.

29 Peace and equity shall associate with the sons of men all the days of the world, in every generation of it.
These verse tell us that the wicked shall be destroyed to allow the righteous to flurish.

There is no chapter 11, so we go to chapter 12:

12:1 Before all these things Enoch was concealed; nor did any one of the sons of men know where he was concealed, where he had been, and what had happened.

2 He was wholly engaged with the holy ones, and with the Watchers in his days.
3 I, Enoch, was blessing the great Lord and King of peace.
4 And behold the Watchers called me Enoch the scribe.

5 Then the Lord said to me: "Enoch, scribe of righteousness, go tell the Watchers of heaven, who have deserted the lofty sky, and their holy everlasting station, who have been polluted with women.

6 And have done as the sons of men do, by taking to themselves wives, and who have been greatly corrupted on the earth;

7 that on the earth they shall never obtain peace and remission of sin. For they shall not rejoice in their offspring; they shall behold the slaughter of their beloved; shall lament for the destruction of their sons; and shall petition for ever; but shall not obtain mercy and peace."
This is more evidence that there were indeed angels who took human wives. It is my opinion that they are a separate group from those that fell with Lucifer. The Watchers are not said to have been cast our of heaven but voluntarily left their positions so that they would live upon Earth. Perhaps they became permanently human, unable to dwell in the spirit world after taking wives, until they were bound in chains.

The Watchers asked Enoch to pray for them that they would obtain mercy, which Enoch did, with the effect that Enoch had a vision in his sleep:

13:1 Then Enoch, passing on, said to Azazyel: You shalt not obtain peace. A great sentence is gone forth against you. He shall bind you;

2 Neither shall relief, mercy, and supplication be yours, on account of the oppression which you have taught;
3 And on account of every act of blasphemy, tyranny, and sin, which you have discovered to the children of men.
4 Then departing from him I spoke to them all together;
5 And they all became terrified, and trembled;

6 Beseeching me to write for them a memorial of supplication, that they might obtain forgiveness; and that I might make the memorial of their prayer ascend up before the God of heaven; because they could not themselves thenceforwards address him, nor raise up their eyes to heaven on account of the disgraceful offence for which they were judged.

7 Then I wrote a memorial of their prayer and supplications, for their spirits, for everything which they had done, and for the subject of their entreaty, that they might obtain remission and rest.

8 Proceeding on, I continued over the waters of Danbadan, which is on the right to the west of Armon, reading the memorial of their prayer, until I fell asleep.
Danbadan-- Dan in Dan (Knibb, p. 94).
9 And behold a dream came to me, and visions appeared above me. I fell down and saw a vision of punishment, that I might relate it to the sons of heaven, and reprove them. When I awoke I went to them. All being collected together stood weeping in Oubelseyael, which is situated between Libanos and Seneser, with their faces veiled.
Libanos and Seneser-- Lebanon and Senir (near Damascus).
10 I related in their presence all the visions which I had seen, and my dream;
11 and began to utter these words of righteousness, reproving the Watchers of heaven.

14:1 This is the book of the words of righteousness, and of the reproof of the Watchers, who belong to the world, according to that which He, who is holy and great, commanded in the vision. I received in my dream, that I was now speaking with a tongue of flesh, and with my breath, which the Mighty One has put into the mouth of men, that they might converse with it.
Who belong to the world-- Or, "who (are) from eternity" (Knibb, p. 95).
2 And understand with the heart. As he has created and given to men the power of comprehending the word of understanding, so has he created and given to me the power of reproving the Watchers, the offspring of heaven. I have written your petition; and in my vision it has been shown me, that what you request will not be granted you as long as the world endures.
Or, "in all the days of the world (Laurence).
3 Judgment has been passed upon you: your request will not be granted.

This passage only refers to the Watchers, not to the offspring of the Watchers, the Watchers are called the offspring of heaven, which is the same as "sons of God" or angels. This passage tells us that no salvation will ever be available to the Watchers because they corrupted the human race.
4 From this time forward, never shall you ascend into heaven; He has said, that on the earth He will bind you, as long as the world endures.

5 But before these things you shall behold the destruction of your beloved sons; you shall not possess them, but they shall fall before you by the sword.

6 Neither shall you entreat for them, nor for yourselves;
7 but you shall weep and supplicate in silence. The words of the book which I wrote.
Or, "Likewise despite your tears and prayers you will receive nothing whatever contained in the writing which I have written" (Charles).
8 A vision thus appeared to me.
9 Behold, in that vision clouds and a mist invited me; agitated stars and flashes of lightning impelled and pressed me forwards, while winds in the vision assisted my flight, accelerating my progress.
10 They elevated me aloft to heaven. I proceeded, until I arrived at a wall built with stones of crystal. A vibrating flame surrounded it, which began to strike me with terror.
11 Into this vibrating flame I entered;
Vibrating flame-- Literally, "a tongue of fire" (Laurence). In Acts, tongues of fire came at the day of Pentecost.
12 and drew nigh to a spacious habitation built also with stones of crystal. Its walls too, as well as pavement, were formed with stones of crystal, and crystal likewise was the ground. Its roof had the appearance of agitated stars and flashes of lightning; and among them were cherubim of fire in a stormy sky. A flame burned around its walls; and its portal blazed with fire. When I entered into this dwelling, it was hot as fire and cold as ice. No trace of delight or of life was there. Terror overwhelmed me, and a fearful shaking seized me.
In a stormy sky-- Literally, "and their heaven was water" (Charles).
13 Violently agitated and trembling, I fell upon my face. In the vision I looked,
14 and behold there was another habitation more spacious than the former, every entrance to which was open before me, erected in the midst of a vibrating flame.
15 So greatly did it excel in all points, in glory, in magnificence, and in magnitude, that it is impossible to describe to you either the splendor or the extent of it.

16 Its floor was on fire; above were lightnings and agitated stars, while its roof exhibited a blazing fire.
17 Attentively I surveyed it, and saw that it contained an exalted throne;
18 the appearance of which was like that of frost; while its circumference resembled the orb of the brilliant sun; and there was the voice of the cherubim.

19 From underneath this mighty throne rivers of flaming fire issued.
20 To look upon it was impossible.
21 One great in glory sat upon it:
22 whose robe was brighter than the sun, and whiter than snow.
23 No angel was capable of penetrating to view the face of Him, the Glorious and the Effulgent; nor could any mortal behold Him. A fire was flaming around Him.

24 A fire also of great extent continued to rise up before Him; so that not one of those who surrounded Him was capable of approaching Him, among the myriads of myriads who were before Him. To Him holy consultation was needless. Yet did not the sanctified, who were near Him, depart far from Him either by night or by day; nor were they removed from Him. I also was so far advanced, with a veil on my face, and trembling. Then the Lord with his own mouth called me, saying, "Approach hither, Enoch, at my holy word."
Myriads of myriads-- Ten thousand times ten thousands (Knibb, p. 99). To Him holy consultation was needless-- Or, "And he required not holy counsel" (Laurence).
25 And He raised me up, making me draw near even to the entrance. My eye was directed to the ground.

This is apparently a vision of heaven similar to that of John in the book of Revelation. I do not see how anyone could make this up and expect people to believe it, it must have happened just as described by Enoch. The Bible says that God is a consuming fire, so these passages certainly agree with the Bible (Deut. 4:24; 9:3; Heb.12:29).

15:1 Then addressing me, He spoke and said, "Hear, neither be afraid, O righteous Enoch, you scribe of righteousness: approach hither, and hear my voice. Go, say to the Watchers of heaven, who have sent you to pray for them, 'You ought to pray for men, and not men for you.
2 Wherefore have you forsaken the lofty and holy heaven, which endures for ever, and have lain with women; have defiled yourselves with the daughters of men; have taken to yourselves wives; have acted like the sons of the earth, and have begotten an impious offspring?

An impious offspring-- Literally, "giants" (Charles; Knibb, p. 101; Laurence). "Impious" means, "Lacking reverence; not pious. Lacking due respect or dutifulness." Which probably means they did not respect or acknowledge God.
3 You being spiritual, holy, and possessing a life which is eternal, have polluted yourselves with women; have begotten in carnal blood; have lusted in the blood of men; and have done as those who are flesh and blood do.
4 These however die and perish.
5 Therefore I have given to them wives, that they might cohabit with them; that sons might be born of them; and that this might be transacted upon earth.

6 But you from the beginning were made spiritual, possessing a life which is eternal, and not subject to death for ever.
7 Therefore I made not wives for you, because, being spiritual, your dwelling is in heaven.
8 Now the giants, who have been born of spirit and of flesh, shall be called upon earth evil spirits, and on earth shall be their habitation. Evil spirits shall proceed from their flesh, because they were created from above; from the holy Watchers was their beginning and primary foundation. Evil spirits shall they be upon earth, and the spirits of the wicked shall they be called. The habitation of the spirits of heaven shall be in heaven; but upon earth shall be the habitation of terrestrial spirits, who are born on earth.

9 The spirits of the giants shall be like clouds, which shall oppress, corrupt, fall, contend, and bruise upon earth.
The Greek word for "clouds" here, nephelas, may disguise a more ancient reading, Napheleim (Nephilim).

10 They shall cause lamentation. No food shall they eat; they shall be thirsty; they shall be concealed, and shall not rise up against the sons of men, and against women; for they come forth during the days of slaughter and destruction.
Shall not-- Nearly all manuscripts contain this negative, but Charles, Knibb, and others believe the "not" should be deleted so the phrase reads "shall rise up."

According to the above passage, demons who walk upon the Earth (Matt.12:43) are the spirits of the offspring of the Watchers and humans. The Watchers themselves are condemned to become oppressing spirits above and over nations and regions. The Bible does not explain how or why such oppressing spirits exist, but only that they do exist. Daniel 10:13 calls one of them "the prince of the Persian kingdom." So now we know where such oppressing spirits came from and who they are.

16:1 And as to the death of the giants, wheresoever their spirits depart from their bodies, let their flesh, that which is perishable, be without judgment. Thus shall they perish, until the day of the great consummation of the great world. A destruction shall take place of the Watchers and the impious.
Let their flesh . . . be without judgment-- Or, "their flesh shall be destroyed before the judgment" (Knibb, p. 102).
2 And now to the Watchers, who have sent you to pray for them, who in the beginning were in heaven.
3 Say, 'In heaven have you been; secret things, however, have not been manifested to you; yet have you known a reprobated mystery.
4 And this you have related to women in the hardness of your heart, and by that mystery have women and mankind multiplied evils upon the earth.'

5 Say to them, 'Never therefore shall you obtain peace.

Not only are demons that walk upon the Earth described, but also those spirits known as familiar spirits. So we now know who the mediums and the channelers are talking to. These spirits that speak through channelers say that lived upon Earth thousands of years ago-- that much is apparantly true! But the rest of what they teach is a continuation of their attempts to corrupt the human race by teaching evil and lies.